The Zaisan Memorial is located south of the Mongolia capital of Ulaanbaatar that honors Soviet soldiers killed in World War II. The memorial features a circular mural that depicts scenes of friendship between the peoples of the Soviet and Mongolia. The mural depicts scenes such as Soviet support for Mongolia's independence declaration in 1921, the defeat of the Japanese Kwantung Army by the Soviets at Khalhkin Gol on the Mongolian border in 1939, victory over Nazi Germany and peacetime achievements such as Soviet space flights. It was erected by the Russian’s to commemorate those killed in the Second World War between Russia and Germany and Mongolia and Japan and the ensuing peace between these countries.
Chinggis khan statue complex
“Chinggis khan statue complex” is located in the place called “Tsonjin Boldog”, Erdene village, Central province 54 km from Ulaanbaatar. The statue in total is 40m high from surface erected at about 10 m high foundation and surrounded by columns. Far sighted Chinggis Khaan holds a golden whip in his right hand. Recreation area, restaurants and souvenir shops will be located in the column surrounded base of the Statue and from here visitors will ascend to the exhibition hall using elevator at the back of the horse. The visitors will walk to the head of the horse through chest and back neck of the horse, where they can have farseeing and good panorama view over the complex area.
Elsentasarkhai or Bayangobi
Beautiful sandy area of Elsen Tasarkhai - a unique combination of Mongolian mountains, forests and Gobi - type landscape in one location, which has the belt of sand dunes covering 2800 km2. This sand dune stretches 80 km through 3 provinces. Elsen tasarkhai means ‘Fragmentary sand’ because this long sand is divided into 2 parts by the main road and north part is named “Khugnu Tarna sand”, south part is named “Mongol sand”. The behind of sand dune there is big rocky mountain, located 1962m above sea level named Khogno Khan Mountain. Near this mountain there are 2 of the Mongolian biggest monasteries which are named “Uvgun” (Old man) and “Erdenekhamba”.
Kharkhorin, former capital of Chinggis Khan, was founded 1220 in the Orkhon valley which considered to World Genius center. After Chinggis Khan Capital city was extended by his son Ogodei Khan, built fortress wall sized 4 km each side surrounding city in 1235. The city was strategically located at the crossroads of traditional routes, creating a staging post for migrating nomads and merchants caravans. Foreign envoys and prominent clerics travelled to this city for an audience with Mongol khan. The center of the empire was existed for more than 140 years, far after when the Hubilai Khaan moved to the capital to Beijing in 1264; Kharkhorin was razed to the ground by Manchu soldiers in 1391. Nowadays only two granite turtles of four which were protector gods from four directions can be seen. According to historical resources and note of famous travelers such as Marco Polo and Plano Carpini, in that time ancient capital city was attractive place for foreign visitors and traders, there was big silver tree had 4 spouts pointed to four direction, was made by Wilhelm De Bushe. During the big ceremonies four kinds of drinks, airag, wine, beer and honey drink were flowing down to four big silver bowl.
However the bricks and stones from the ruins of this ancient city were used to build the Erdene Zuu monastery nearby, so in that way the old city lives on till today. The first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia Erdenezuu, was founded on the ruins of the old capital city in the 1586 years. It is surrounded by fortress wall sized 420m each side, with 108 stupas. In 1792, it housed 62 temples, Mongolian lords tried to have own named temple inside of wall of monastery because it means they have high reputation. Also in 1658, the biggest ger consists of 35 walls, 1700 long pole and could contain 200 people, was built up at the middle space of monastery wall. During the communist era this monastery nearly destroyed, nowadays it contains 3 main temples, other some smaller temples, 2 tombs which were dedicated to Avtai sain Khan (founder of Erdenezuu monastery) and his son Tusheed khan Gombodorj and the biggest stupa in Mongolia named “Golden stupa”. But today this monastery could become active monastery again and open for local believers and visitors. This is one of the places where we can learn more about religious and cultural traditions of Mongolia. well-designed red brick buildings of ancient cities.
Offertory site for Turkish King in Khoshoo Tsaidam
Around 47 km north of Kharkhorin and 26km south-east of Ogii lake are the most famous of Mongolia’s stone inscriptions. Both stones date from 732 AD, are almost same size of 3.3m high x 1.3m wide, and both have inscriptions in Turkic and Chinese script. They are dedicated to the Turkic khans who ruled the Mongolia between 6-8th centuries. One honors Bilge Khagan and other General Kul-Tegin, Bilge’s brother. Two stone monuments were found close to another in the tsaidam district of Orkhon valley. The inscriptions were recorded in 1889 and further studies by Russian scientists and well known “Orkhon inscription” in the world. Turkish governmental project has been implementing at the site during past decade.
Generally, Orkhon River and its water basin valley are considered the cradle land of steppe nomads. Apart from the springs at Khujirt, the main attraction in the area is the Orkhon waterfall. The Orkhon waterfall is situated in the historically significant Orkhon Valley; Orkhon River flows 1120km to the North before it joins the Selenge River. Also this waterfall is called Ulaan Tsutgalan, formed by volcanic eruptions about 20.000 years ago, the waterfall cascades from a height of 20m. It is scenic, tranquil spot and surrounding nature is undisturbed, as such there are opportunities for good walking and riding in the area. The Orkhon river is pristine drink water river and also it is teemed with a lot species fish such as taimen, lenok and so on. These days yak breeder nomads are living in near the waterfall.
Naran Daats and Zulganai
Naran Daats oasis - a beautiful paradise where saxaul trees, tooroi, and khailaas grow to such heights, that one is reminded that they existed many hundreds of thousands of years ago, when dinosaurs still roamed the Gobi plains. Arrive at Zulganai oasis. However, Zulganai still reminds you of the mountain steppe area, and you’ll still feel sand under your feet.
Kazakhs have a tradition of hunting on horseback with trained steppe eagles. The trainer wears a heavy padded glove on the right arm on which a hooded eagle perches, until its little leather hood (tomega) is removed and it sees its quarry, a fox or squirrel, and within moments it plummets and seizes it. A well- trained eagle flies back to his masters saddle when other horses approach. Following the hunt there is entertainment in Kazakh gers , which differ from the usual Mongol gers in that they are highly decorated with woven carpets and textiles.
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